What are FODMAPs?
FODMAPs represent a group of short-chain carbohydrates that are poorly absorbed in the small intestine. As a result, FODMAPs make their way to the large intestine where they are fermented (used as food) by the bacteria in the gut. This then causes symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome which may include abdominal pain, gas, bloating, nausea, and irregular bowel patterns such as constipation, diarrhea or alternating periods between both.
FODMAP is an acronym for:
Can a low-fodmap diet help me?
Although FODMAPs are not the cause of IBS, this approach, which aims to reduce FODMAP intake to manage symptoms, has been proven effective, providing relief in about 75% of IBS sufferers.
How does the low-FODMAP diet work?
Firstly, the low-FODMAP diet is a temporary therapeutic solution. It begins with a complete FODMAP restriction for 4-6 weeks after an overview of the diet with your dietitian. At your next follow-up, you and your dietitian will review your adherence to the diet, current symptoms, and begin a controlled reintroduction of FODMAPs over 5 weeks to determine your FODMAP tolerance level. Following the reintroduction phase, you will be able to enjoy a variety of nutritionally adequate foods, restore your healthy gut bacteria, and improve your diet-related quality of life.